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City Guides

Top 10 destinations by continent

Historical Manchester

Manchester, England, although famous for its music scene, also has a long and interesting history and many fascinating historical sites. If you are interested in the stories of the past, a trip to Manchester will provide you with many intriguing sites to visit and plenty of food for thought.

Historical Manchester: Roman Beginnings

Manchester originated as an ancient Roman fort and settlement, and the name came from the word “Mamucium” which means “breast-like hill” or “mother-hill”. The construction of the fort was ordered by General Agricola in the year 79, and the area has been permanently settled since that time.

Manchester achieved city status in 1853, it was the first new British city for three hundred years. Also the Manchester ship canal, at the time it was the longest river navigation canal in the world, it opened in 1894, creating the Port of Manchester and linking Manchester city to the sea. It was 36 miles long (58 km) starting from the Mersey Estuary to the west and ending at Salford Quays.

Castlefield

Castlefield the centre of the Historical Manchester

Image by Galyna

This historical site is the location of the original Roman settlement known as Mamucium. Since Medieval Times it has been known as Castlefield and the walls from the 16th century are still there, standing over two metres high. Castlefield represents the central nexus of Manchester’s network of canals, and it has historical significance as a transport hub.

Although this area became run down after the Second World War, it was regenerated in the 1990s and was the first Urban Heritage Site to be named in Britain.

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